India supports full and effective implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and emphasizes strengthening the OPCW to fulfill its important mandate
India has expressed deep concern over the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems that could endanger peace and security, saying the possibility of terrorists acquiring such weapons compels the global community to work together to face this grave danger.
Ambassador Pankaj Sharma, Permanent Representative of India to the Conference on Disarmament (CD), Geneva, said India had drawn the world’s attention to these threats and the need for enhanced international cooperation to address them. address through its annual UNGA Consensus Resolution titled ‘Measures to Prevent Terrorists from Acquiring Weapons of Mass Destruction’.
“We are deeply concerned about the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems, which endangers international peace and security. The possibility of terrorists acquiring weapons of mass destruction obliges Member States to work together to face this grave danger, ”he said during the general debate of the First Committee of the 76th session of the General Assembly United Nations on October 4.
He claimed that weapons in the hands of terrorists are the most threatening form of illicit small arms and light weapons.
“Therefore, India appreciates the full and effective implementation of the United Nations Program of Action as a means of combating terrorism and transnational crime,” Mr. Sharma said during the session of the First Committee, which deals with disarmament and international security issues.
As part of the Program of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (PoA), governments have agreed to improve national laws on small arms, imports / exports and inventory management – and to engage in cooperation and assistance, the UN said.
In 2005, they also adopted the International Tracing Instrument (ITI), which “requires states to ensure that weapons are properly marked and that records are kept”. In addition, it provides a framework for cooperation in tracing weapons – fulfilling one of the commitments made by governments in the Platform for Action. “Improving gun tracing is now part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,” the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs said.
Mr. Sharma also said that India’s annual resolutions to the United Nations General Assembly, namely the “Convention on the Prohibition of the Use of Nuclear Weapons” and “Reducing Nuclear Danger”, which have the support of the majority of member states, have consistently stressed the need for the CD to enter into negotiations to reach agreement on an international convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and measures urgently needed to reduce the risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear weapons, respectively.
He told the session that India is firmly committed to the goal of universal, non-discriminatory and verifiable nuclear disarmament. India’s proposal for a phased approach to the total elimination of nuclear weapons, contained in its discussion paper submitted to the Conference on Disarmament in 2007, calls on the Conference on Disarmament to negotiate a comprehensive nuclear weapons convention.
“As the only multilateral disarmament negotiating forum in the world, as mandated by Special Session on Disarmament -1, the Conference on Disarmament needs the political will to agree on a comprehensive work program. and balanced and to start negotiations on legally binding instruments on the main items on its agenda, ”said Mr. Sharma.
He stated that India is a responsible nuclear weapon state and has pledged, in accordance with its nuclear doctrine, to maintain credible minimum deterrence with the position of non-use first and non-use against Non-nuclear weapon states.
He said that without diminishing the priority India attaches to disarmament, New Delhi has supported the immediate start of negotiations on the CD of a Fissile Material Stop Treaty (FMCT) on the basis of CD / 1299 and of the mandate it contains.
In accordance with CD / 1299, the Conference on Disarmament decides to establish an ad hoc committee on “the prohibition of the production of fissile material for the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices”.
The Conference instructs the Ad Hoc Committee to negotiate a non-discriminatory, multilateral and internationally verifiable treaty prohibiting the production of fissile material for the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.
India supports the full and effective implementation of the Chemical Weapons Convention and emphasizes strengthening the OPCW to fulfill its important mandate.
Mr. Sharma also expressed India’s support for the institutional strengthening of the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC), in particular through the negotiation of a comprehensive and legally binding protocol, providing for an effective, universal and non-discriminatory verification mechanism. for the BWC.
“India supports efforts to improve the effectiveness of the Biological Weapons Convention and to strengthen its implementation and universalization,” he said.
“As the Ninth Review Conference of the Biological Weapons Convention approaches in 2022, States Parties have an important responsibility to work together, to create convergences and to achieve tangible results that will determine the direction of work for the next five-year intersessional period and beyond, ”he said.
Mr. Sharma added that India is aware of the need for enhanced international cooperation and the promotion of peaceful uses of science and technology through technology transfer, information sharing and exchange. equipment and materials.